New tech game changer for burns management

0
35

It’s said that burns are one of the most common injuries suffered by Australians and one of the top causes of death in children under four.

While survival rates for burns patients have reportedly improved substantially, treating paediatric burns remains challenging, especially with the rise of multi-drug resistant bacteria.

Now, new technology from the University of South Australia could revolutionise burns treatments in children by using stimuli-responsive dressings that safely reduce infection and stimulate healing.

This research builds on the recent publications by the research team in the journals Acta Biomaterialia and Biomedicines, describing antimicrobial efficacy of ultra-small silver nanoparticles against wound biofilms.

The advanced silver nanoparticle hydrogel-coated dressing developed by a research team at UniSA’s Future Industries Institute (Dr Zlatko Kopecki, Professor Allison Cowin and Professor Krasimir Vasilev) is expected to deliver an ‘on demand’ release of ultra-small silver nanoparticles that can safely break down antibiotic-resistant bacteria and promote wound repair.

It’s said that the treatment innovation lies in a delivery system that responds to changes in pH and temperature, activating only when infection is present.

Lead researcher, UniSA’s Dr Kopecki, says the novel treatment could significantly change the clinical management of burn infections.

“Wound infection and sepsis are daily problems for children with burn injuries,” says Dr Kopecki.

“Silver-based wound care products can inhibit the growth of bacteria, but they can also cause toxicity when they deliver too much silver to wounds.

“Our treatment is unique in that it capitalises on the anti-bacterial properties of silver, but avoids over-exposure, by only activating when infection in present.

“These advanced, ‘on demand’ silver nanoparticle dressings will regulate inflammation while promoting tissue regeneration, making this a much safer and effective treatment for children.”

UniSA’s Professor Vasilev says the new technology will be a game changer for burns management.

“Currently there are no responsive wound dressings on the market,” says Professor Vasilev.

“This collaborative effort will enable the utilisation of smart materials to the benefit of patients and clinicians.”

Research partners Dr Bernard Carney and Dr Andrew May, of the Burns Unit of the Women’s and Children’s Hospital (WCH), are working in partnership with UniSA to better understand pathogens present in child burns and develop targeted therapy approach.

“Every year, the WCH’s Burns Unit treats around 600 children suffering from burns, with scalds making up a significant proportion of these injuries,” says Dr May.

“Most commonly these incidents happen at home. Children under five are most at risk because they like to mimic adult behaviour, which means that hot drinks, taps, and saucepans are all big danger zones.

“Despite modern advances in burns surgery, infection remains a big challenge for these vulnerable children and so topical silver treatments are used widely to combat this.

“We are pleased to be collaborating with the great minds at UniSA in bringing new silver treatments to give children the greatest opportunity to recover from burns and live their best lives.”